Vibration-Damping technology in tennis racquets: Effects on vibration transfer to the arm, muscle fatigue and tennis performance

I. Ling Yeh, Naveen Elangovan, Rebecca Feczer, Sanaz Khosravani, Arash Mahnan, Jürgen Konczak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


High vibration transfer from a tennis racquet to the player may cause discomfort, and is hypothesized to influence performance and the onset of muscle fatigue. This study examined a racquet with a novel vibration damping technology (VDT) designed to mitigate frame vibration. Racquet vibration, post-impact vibration transfer to the player, arm electromyographic activity and tennis performance were compared to a non-VDT racquet. Nineteen young adult, competitive tennis players hit forehands and serves until near exhaustion on two days; using one of the two racquets each day. Tri-axial accelerometers mounted to racquet shaft, hand and forearm recorded vibration behaviour. Surface electromyography recorded activity of five arm muscles. In comparison to the non-VDT racquet, the VDT design showed: 1) A significantly lower mean normalised acceleration signal energy at the racquet during unfatigued play (−40%) and at near exhaustion (−34%), which corresponded to a 20–25% lower signal energy at the hand. 2) Reduced signs of arm muscle fatigue at near exhaustion, which was most pronounced in biceps and wrist extensors. 3) Players hit 11% more forehands and placed 40% more hits in the target area at near exhaustion. Conclusion: VDT effectively reduces racquet vibration. Initial evidence indicates that it may delay muscle fatigue, which was associated with increased ball placement accuracy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-58
Number of pages10
JournalSports Medicine and Health Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Wilson Sporting Goods Company, Chicago, Illinois, USA. At no time did the company interfere or attempt to influence the outcome of the study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Authors


  • Acceleration
  • Biomechanics
  • Electromyography
  • Human
  • Kinematics


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