Vestigial pit membrane remnants in perforation plates and helical thickenings in vessels of Ericaceae

Sherwin Carlquist, Edward L. Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Perforation plates from 15 species of 10 genera with scalariform perforation plates, representing three subfamilies of woody Ericaceae (Rhododendroideae, Arbutoideae, Vaccinioideae) were studied with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In most of them, pit membrane remnants were present, but these remnants were less extensive than in the ericalean families Clethraceae, Cyrillaceae, and Sarraceniaceae. Pit membrane remnants in perforations of vessels of Ericaceae are characteristically found at lateral ends of the perforations and in perforations (which may alternatively be called pits) transitional to lateral wall pitting. Pit membrane remnants were most extensive in Enkianthus. Phylogenetic and physiological factors for vestigial membrane presence in the perforations are discussed. Helical thickenings on vessel walls as seen with SEM are figured and described for Leucothoe and Pieris, and their significance is assessed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-363
Number of pages11
JournalNordic Journal of Botany
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

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