Vessel origins in Nymphaeaceae: Euryale and Victoria

Edward L. Schneider, Sherwin Carlquist

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Metaxylem tracheary elements of roots have differentiation between end walls and lateral walls in both Euryale and Victoria. End walls have narrower, more closely spaced bars and scalariform plates. Primary walls of end walls (and, to a lesser extent, lateral walls) have striations that are thickened primary wall portions orientated in an axial direction. These striations are less common in Victoria than in Euryale. Although secondary wall strands between perforations occur in some dicotyledons, the report of primary wall striations is new; these can be seen with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) but not with light microscopy. Perforations occur irregularly and sometimes sparsely on end walls of tracheary elements of Victoria, but perforations were not observed in Euryale. Thus, Euryale satisfies one criterion for the presence of vessel (end wall different from lateral wall), whereas Barclaya satisfies another (perforations in end walls) and Victoria satisfies both. Vessel origins in Nymphaeaceae are important in illustrating that there may be multiple vessel origins in dicotyledons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-193
Number of pages9
JournalBotanical Journal of the Linnean Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1995


  • angiosperms
  • aquatic
  • roots
  • tracheids
  • vessel evolution
  • xylem


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