VERITAS and VLBA observations of HESS J1943+213

Karlen Shahinyan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

HESS J1943+213 is a very high energy (VHE; >100 GeV) γ-ray source in the direction of the Galactic plane. 38 hours of deep VERITAS observations taken over two seasons detect the source with ∼20 σ significance. Monitoring observations of HESS J1943+213 show a remarkably stable flux and spectrum in VHE γ-rays. Studies exploring the classification of HESS J1943+213 are converging towards accepting the source as an extreme synchrotron BL Lac object. Specifically, overall SED characteristics of the source, the detection of a potential host galaxy in near-IR imaging, and VLBI observations of the HESS J1943+213 radio counterpart showing extended jet-like emission at milliarcsecond scale and core flux density variability establish the source as a blazar. Recent Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) observations of the source (shown here for the first time) confirm the extended structure found in the 1.6 GHz band and detect the jet-like component in the 4.6 GHz and the 7.3 GHz bands. The spectral indices of the core and the jet-like components derived from the VLBA observations are in a range typical for blazars. HESS J1943+213 fits the extreme HBL description; however, with variability detected only at milliarcseconds scales in radio, it appears to be an abnormally stable VHE γ-ray blazar.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHigh Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy
Subtitle of host publication6th International Meeting on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy
EditorsFelix A. Aharonian, Felix A. Aharonian, Frank M. Rieger, Werner Hofmann
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735414563
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 4 2017
Event6th International Symposium on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy - Heidelberg, Germany
Duration: Jul 11 2016Jul 15 2016

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1792
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other6th International Symposium on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy
CountryGermany
CityHeidelberg
Period7/11/167/15/16

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    Shahinyan, K. (2017). VERITAS and VLBA observations of HESS J1943+213. In F. A. Aharonian, F. A. Aharonian, F. M. Rieger, & W. Hofmann (Eds.), High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy: 6th International Meeting on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy [040036] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1792). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4968940