Ventilatory management of acute respiratory distress syndrome: A consensus of two

John J. Marini, Luciano Gattinoni

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To synthesize the emerging body of experimental, observational, and clinical trial data into a practical guideline for safe and effective ventilatory management of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Data Sources: Relevant, peer-reviewed, scientific literature and personal observations from clinical practice. Study Selection: Relevant experimental studies and high-impact observational and clinical trials of acute respiratory distress syndrome management. Data Extraction: Detailed review of information contained in published scientific work. Data Synthesis: Interactive discussions between the authors that culminated in our consensus view of appropriate management. Conclusions: Prevention of ventilator-induced lung injury while accomplishing the essential life-supporting roles of mechanical ventilation is a complex undertaking that requires application of principles founded on a broad experimental and clinical database and on the results of well-executed clinical trials. At the bedside, execution of an effective lung-protective ventilation strategy remains an empirical process best guided by integrated physiology and a readiness to revise the management approach depending on the individual's response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)250-255
Number of pages6
JournalCritical care medicine
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004

Keywords

  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • Lung-protective ventilation
  • Ventilator-induced lung injury
  • Ventilatory management

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