Venglustat, an orally administered glucosylceramide synthase inhibitor: Assessment over 3 years in adult males with classic Fabry disease in an open-label phase 2 study and its extension study

Patrick B. Deegan, Ozlem Goker-Alpan, Tarekegn Geberhiwot, Robert J. Hopkin, Elena Lukina, Anna Tylki-Szymanska, Atef Zaher, Charlotte Sensinger, Sebastiaan J.M. Gaemers, Vijay Modur, Beth L. Thurberg, Jyoti Sharma, Behzad Najafian, Michael Mauer, Pronabesh DasMahapatra, William R. Wilcox, Dominique P. Germain

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13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Venglustat inhibits the enzymatic conversion of ceramide to glucosylceramide, reducing available substrate for the synthesis of more complex glycosphingolipids. It offers a potential new approach to the treatment of patients with Fabry disease (α-Gal A deficiency), in whom progressive accumulation of such glycosphingolipids, including globotriaosylceramide (GL-3), in the lysosomes of a wide range of cell types often leads to vital organ complications in adulthood. An international, open-label, single-arm, Phase 2a uncontrolled 26-week clinical study (NCT02228460) and a 130-week extension study (NCT02489344) were conducted to assess the safety, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, and exploratory efficacy of 15 mg once daily oral venglustat in treatment-naïve adult male patients with classic Fabry disease. Of 11 patients (18–37 years old) who initially enrolled, nine completed the 26-week study and seven completed the extension study. A total of 169 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were reported by nine patients, the majority being mild (73%) and unrelated to the study drug (70%). Nine serious TEAEs (serious adverse events) and 11 severe TEAEs, including a self-harm event, were reported. No deaths or treatment-related life-threatening adverse events were reported. Skin GL-3 scores in superficial skin capillary endothelium (SSCE), estimated by light microscopy, were unchanged from baseline at Week 26 in five patients, decreased in three patients, and increased in one patient. There was no significant change in GL-3 scores or significant shift in grouped GL-3 scores. Five of six patients had reductions from baseline in GL-3 score at the end of the extension study. At Weeks 26 and 156 the mean (standard deviation) changes from baseline in the fraction of the volume of SSCE cytoplasm occupied by GL-3 inclusions, measured by electron microscopy unbiased stereology, were − 0.06 (0.03) (p = 0.0010) and − 0.12 (0.04) (p = 0.0008), respectively. Venglustat treatment reduced markers in the synthetic and degradative pathway of major glycosphingolipids; proximal markers reduced rapidly and more distal markers (plasma GL-3 and globotriaosylsphingosine) reduced progressively. There were no biochemical or histological indications of progression of Fabry disease over 3 years of follow-up. These findings confirm target engagement and the pharmacodynamic effects of venglustat in adult males with classic Fabry disease. However, further clinical evaluation in larger studies is needed to determine efficacy and safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106963
JournalMolecular Genetics and Metabolism
Volume138
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors received editorial/writing support in the preparation of this manuscript from Tom Rouwette (Excerpta Medica), Divya Parker, and Colin Glen (Lucid Group), funded by Sanofi, and from Hans Ebels of Sanofi. The authors were responsible for all content and editorial decisions.

Funding Information:
The studies were funded by Sanofi. The sponsor had a role in the study design, data analysis, and data interpretation. The EM work was also supported by a grant (MM and BN) from the National Institutes of Health Lysosomal Disease Network (U54NS065768), a part of the National Clinical Assessment and Treatment Service (NCATS) Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network (RDCRN). RDCRN is an initiative of the Office of Rare Diseases Research, NCATS, funded through a collaboration between NCATS, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

Funding Information:
T.G. Has received research funding from Sanofi and Takeda.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors

Keywords

  • Fabry disease
  • Glycosphingolipid synthesis
  • Lysosomal storage disorder
  • Substrate reduction therapy
  • Venglustat

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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