Vasodilator actions of the endothelium-derived relaxing factor L-S-nitrosocysteine in anaesthetized rats are markedly diminished by peroxynitrite

Jonathan E. Graves, James N. Bates, Neil W. Kooy, Stephen J. Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

1. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of the potent oxidant and nitrating agent peroxynitrite on the haemodynamic actions of the endothelium-derived S-nitrosothiol l-S-nitrosocysteine. 2. The haemodynamic actions of l-S-nitrosocysteine (12.5-100 nmol/kg, i.v.) were determined in pentobarbital-anaesthetized rats before and after the induction of tachyphylaxis to peroxynitrite achieved by giving 10 intravenous injections of a 10 μmol/kg dose. 3. l-S-Nitrosocysteine elicited dose-dependent reductions in mean arterial blood pressure and in hindquarter and mesenteric vascular resistance. 4. The l-S-nitrosocysteine-induced responses were substantially attenuated after administration of peroxynitrite. 5. We have reported previously that nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation is not diminished after the induction of tachyphylaxis to peroxynitrite. Taken together, these findings support the concept that peroxynitrite reduces the vasodilator actions of l-S-nitrosocysteine via oxidation and/or nitration of putative membrane-bound S-nitrosothiol recognition sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1137-1141
Number of pages5
JournalClinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology
Volume32
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

Keywords

  • L-S-nitrosocysteine
  • Nitric oxide
  • Peroxynitrite
  • Rat
  • Tachyphylaxis
  • Vasodilation

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