Vashti i la Legenda aurea: Una reina pagana, transformada en santa?

Translated title of the contribution: Vashti and the Golden legend: A pagan queen turns saint?

Lisa Shugert Bevevino

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Hagiographic texts establish a narrative template for shame, avoidance of shame, what looks like death wish in courtly literature. Scenes of shame and its avoidance through death are adapted and folded into romance and other genres and affect how characters behave and are described and gendered. This article treats saints’ lives as literary texts and identifies the language used for female saints in the Old French and Old Occitan versions of the Legenda aurea and uses that codified language to compare the hagiographic text with a vernacular Jewish narrative: the Occitan Romans de la reina Ester, written in octosyllabic rhyming couplets by Crescas Caslari in 1327. This codification gives insight into how widespread such language and description became by the fourteenth century across language and culture barriers. Both the hagiographic texts and the romance are read as narrative, regardless of their intent for the original audiences. Acknowledging the deep-seated literary tradition of shame in a woman’s bodied existence and attempts to avoid that shame through dying, it is argued that both narratives have such substance and language in common that there may be crossover between the readers or writers of Jewish and Christian contemporary texts. This article first establishes the critical approaches to the lives of the saints and the death wish more generally. Secondly, it shows one pattern of the death wish in the French and Occitan Golden legend, that of a desire for death to avoid shame. Thirdly, it presents the language of the death wish for a female character folded into a Jewish text and how the similarities between Christian and Jewish description of such a character could imply an even more widespread sharing of saints’ lives than just among a Christian community.

    Translated title of the contributionVashti and the Golden legend: A pagan queen turns saint?
    Original languageCatalan
    Pages (from-to)89-109
    Number of pages21
    JournalMagnificat Cultura i Literatura Medievals
    Volume1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2014

    Bibliographical note

    Funding Information:
    Acknowledgment of grant or financial support: Faculty Research Enhancement Funds from the University of Minnesota Morris.

    Keywords

    • Bible
    • Christianity
    • Courtly literature
    • Crescas caslari
    • Crescas du caylar
    • Cresques caslari
    • Death
    • Death wish
    • Esther
    • Female
    • Fourteenth century
    • French narrative
    • Golden legend
    • Hagiography
    • Judeo-provençal
    • Legenda aurea
    • Martyr
    • Medieval culture
    • Medieval jewish literature
    • Narrative
    • Occitan
    • Occitan narrative
    • Old french
    • Romance
    • Saints
    • Saints’ lives
    • Shame
    • Vashti
    • Voragine
    • Women in medieval literature

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Vashti and the Golden legend: A pagan queen turns saint?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this