Study objectives: To determine the effects of different levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during partial liquid ventilation (PLV) on gas exchange, lung compliance, and end-expiratory lung volume (EELV). Design: Prospective animal study. Setting: Animal physiology research laboratory. Subjects: Nine piglets. Interventions: Animals underwent saline solution lavage to produce lung injury. Perflubron was instilled via the endotracheal tube in a volume estimated to represent functional residual capacity. The initial PEEP setting was 4 cm H2O, and stepwise changes in PEEP were made. At 30-min intervals, the PEEP was increased to 8, then 12, then decreased back down to 8, then 4 cm H2O. Measurements and results: After 30 min at each level of PEEP, arterial blood gases, aortic and central venous pressures, heart rates, dynamic lung compliance, and changes in EELV were recorded. Paired t tests with Bonferroni correction were used to evaluate the data. There were no differences in heart rate or mean BP at the different PEEP levels. CO2 elimination and oxygenation improved directly with the PEEP level and mean airway pressure (Paw). Compliance did not change with increasing PEEP, but did increase when PEEP was lowered. EELV changes correlated directly with the level of PEEP. Conclusions: As previously reported during gas ventilation, oxygenation and CO2 elimination vary directly with PEEP and proximal Paw during PLV. EELV also varies directly with PEEP. Dynamic lung compliance, however, improved only when PEEP was lowered, suggesting an alteration in the distribution of perflubron due to changes in pressure-volume relationships.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported in part by a grant from the Children's Hospitals and Clinics Foundation. Liquivent was supplied by Alliance Pharmaceutical Corp., Dräger Babylog supplied by Dräger Critical Care Systems Inc. Dr. Mammel and Ms. Meyers own stock in Alliance Pharmaceutical Corp.
Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Lung compliance
- Lung injury
- Positive end-expiratory pressure