Variationist analyses of assibilated /r/ in Peruvian Spanish

Carol A. Klee, Rocío Caravedo, Mónica de la Fuente Iglesias, Scott M. Alvord

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


In this chapter, we provide an overview of previous studies of the rhotics in Peruvian Spanish, in both coastal and Andean varieties, followed by a description of the social and contextual factors that influence assibilation. We then describe a study of dialect contact in Lima, focusing on assibilated /r/ in the speech of 40 residents of Lima, comprising first-, second-, and third-generation Andean migrants, as well as classic Limeños. A multivariate analysis showed that migrant generation was the strongest factor conditioning /r/ assibilation in Lima, with the highest probability of assibilation occurring in the first generation and to a much lesser degree in the second generation. The third generation assibilated even less than classic Limeños. Regarding linguistic factors, assibilation had a greater probability of occurrence when /r/ was in initial position and when preceded by a sibilant. We conclude with the implications of this study for language change in Lima and provide suggestions for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Routledge Handbook of Variationist Approaches to Spanish
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780429577956
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 selection and editorial matter, Manuel Díaz-Campos; individual chapters, the contributors.


  • Andean spanish
  • Assibilation
  • Spanish of lima
  • rhotics


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