Variational transition state theory and tunneling calculations of potential energy surface effects on the reaction of O(3P) with H2

Donald G Truhlar, Keith Runge, Bruce C. Garrett

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7 Scopus citations


Variational transition state theory with adiabatic and least-action ground-state transmission coefficients is applied to calculate reaction rates for O(3P)+H2→OH+H in both collinear and three-dimensional worlds for temperatures of 200-1400 K. Five different potential energy surfaces are considered. The collinear studies are used to assess the accuracy of the dynamical and energetic approximations, which include the no-recrossing assumption of generalized transition state theory, semiclassical methods for tunneling calculations, and a Morse approximation for quantizing the generalized-transition-state stretching vibrations. Although the potential energy surfaces show wide differences in behavior, the calculations with least-action ground-state transmission coefficients agree with the accurate quantal results within a factor of 2.8 in all cases. We find that the three-dimensional reaction is dominated by tunneling at room temperature and nearby for all five surfaces. For the calculations on the most accurate ab initio potential energy surface, 60% of the ground-state reaction proceeds by tunneling even at 400 K. The tunneling fractions rise dramatically as the temperature is lowered. The calculations show that quantitative estimation of the tunneling effects requires consideration of reaction-path curvature and of tunneling paths that deviate from the minimum energy path.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)585-594
Number of pages10
JournalSymposium (International) on Combustion
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1985

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors are grateful to Alan W. Magnuson for assistance with some of the calculations and to Joel M. Bowman and Albert F. Wagner for supplying potential subprograms, preprints, data, and many helpful discussions. The work at the University of Minnesota was supported in part by the United States Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under contract no. DE-AC0279ER10425. The work at Chemical Dynamics Corporation was supported by the U.S. Army through the Army Research Office under contract no. DAAG-29-81-C-0015.


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