A study was conducted using the Sheffield electrical impedance tomography (EIT) portable system DAS-01 P to determine the change in the cardiac image with electrode position, lung volume and body position. Sixteen electrodes were positioned in three transverse planes around the thorax at the level of the second intercostal space, at the level of the xiphisternal joint, and midway between upper and lower locations. Data were collected at each electrode level with the breath held at end expiration and after inspiring 0.5, 1 and 1.5 l of air with the subject in both the supine and sitting position. These data were analysed using a Matlab developed program that calculates the average resistivity change in the cardiac region from automatically determined borders. Results show significant individual variability with electrode position and air volume. The middle electrode most consistently shows an increase in impedance in the region of the heart during systole. In some subjects the change in the ventricular-volume-like curve showed a greater than 50% change as a function of lung volume. The pattern of variability with electrode position was not consistent among subjects. In one subject MRI images were obtained to compare actual structures with those seen in the EIT image. The results suggest that using these electrode locations reliable and consistent data, which could be used in clinical applications, cannot be obtained.
- Electrical impedance tomography
- Stroke volume