Purpose: To examine differences in elevated eating disorder risk and self-reported eating disorder diagnosis across subgroups of transgender and gender diverse (TGD) college students. Methods: Data from 5057 TGD college students participating in the national Healthy Minds Study between 2014 and 2019 were analyzed. Chi-square tests and logistic regression analyses examined heterogeneity in prevalence and odds of elevated eating disorder risk, as measured by the SCOFF, and self-reported eating disorder diagnosis by gender, as well as by intersecting gender and sexual orientation identities. Results: Genderqueer and/or non-conforming college students reported the highest prevalence of elevated eating disorder risk (38.8%) relative to gender expansive students. Genderqueer and/or non-conforming (11.1%), gender expansive (12.3%), and trans men and/or transmasculine students (10.5%) reported higher prevalence of a self-reported eating disorder diagnosis relative to trans women and/or transfeminine students (6.3%). Heterosexual or straight trans men had lower odds of eating disorder risk and self-reported diagnosis relative to trans men with a minoritized sexual orientation. Conclusions: Genderqueer and/or non-conforming college students may be at heightened eating disorder risk. Moreover, a heterosexual and/or straight sexual orientation was associated with lower odds of elevated eating disorder risk and self-reported eating disorder diagnoses among trans men and genderqueer and/or non-conforming college students, but this finding did not hold for other groups. College campuses should aim to reduce eating disorder risk among TGD students.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Annals of epidemiology|
|State||Published - Jun 2022|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Melissa Simone's time and research are supported by K99 MD015770 (PI: Simone) from the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities. Vivienne Hazzard's time is supported by T32 MH082761 (PI: Scott Crow) and Sarah Lipson's time is supported by K01 MH121515 (PI: Lipson), both from the National Institute of Mental Health. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities, the National Institute of Mental Health, or the National Institutes of Health.
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.
- Eating disorders
- Sexual orientation
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural