Vanishing racial disparities in drowning in Florida

M.M. Gorsuch, Jr. Myers S.L., Y. Lai, D. Steward, R. Motachwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the change in the racial disparity in drowning in Florida from 1970 to 2015 and to analyse the contextual factors associated with white, black and Hispanic drowning rates in Florida from 2007 to 2015. Methods: Our outcome variable is county-level annual drowning rates by race, ethnicity, sex and age group. We computed county-level contextual data, including emergency weather events, temperature, extreme weather, number of pools, quality of pools, coastline, swimming participation rates and prominent black competitive swim teams. Results: Between 1970 and 1990, the disparity in drowning rates between white and black males in Florida decreased dramatically. By 2005, the overall age-adjusted drowning rates converged. This convergence was most striking for those aged 10-34 and 35-64. While the gap has declined dramatically, there remains a racial disparity in drownings among those aged 10-34. Conclusions: Overall, racial disparities in drowning have disappeared in Florida. However, some disparities remain. There is a persistent disparity in drownings among those aged 10-34. © 2018 Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
JournalInjury Prevention
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

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Weather
Swimming Pools
Hispanic Americans
Statistical Factor Analysis
Emergencies
Age Groups
Temperature
hydroquinone

Bibliographical note

Export Date: 26 December 2018

Article in Press

Correspondence Address: Gorsuch, M.M.; Department of Economics and Political Science, St. Catherine UniversityUnited States; email: mmgorsuch952@stkate.edu

Keywords

  • drowning
  • mortality
  • time series

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Gorsuch, M. M., Myers S.L., J., Lai, Y., Steward, D., & Motachwa, R. (2018). Vanishing racial disparities in drowning in Florida. Injury Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2018-042872

Vanishing racial disparities in drowning in Florida. / Gorsuch, M.M.; Myers S.L., Jr.; Lai, Y.; Steward, D.; Motachwa, R.

In: Injury Prevention, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gorsuch, M.M. ; Myers S.L., Jr. ; Lai, Y. ; Steward, D. ; Motachwa, R. / Vanishing racial disparities in drowning in Florida. In: Injury Prevention. 2018.
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N2 - Objectives: To examine the change in the racial disparity in drowning in Florida from 1970 to 2015 and to analyse the contextual factors associated with white, black and Hispanic drowning rates in Florida from 2007 to 2015. Methods: Our outcome variable is county-level annual drowning rates by race, ethnicity, sex and age group. We computed county-level contextual data, including emergency weather events, temperature, extreme weather, number of pools, quality of pools, coastline, swimming participation rates and prominent black competitive swim teams. Results: Between 1970 and 1990, the disparity in drowning rates between white and black males in Florida decreased dramatically. By 2005, the overall age-adjusted drowning rates converged. This convergence was most striking for those aged 10-34 and 35-64. While the gap has declined dramatically, there remains a racial disparity in drownings among those aged 10-34. Conclusions: Overall, racial disparities in drowning have disappeared in Florida. However, some disparities remain. There is a persistent disparity in drownings among those aged 10-34. © 2018 Author(s).

AB - Objectives: To examine the change in the racial disparity in drowning in Florida from 1970 to 2015 and to analyse the contextual factors associated with white, black and Hispanic drowning rates in Florida from 2007 to 2015. Methods: Our outcome variable is county-level annual drowning rates by race, ethnicity, sex and age group. We computed county-level contextual data, including emergency weather events, temperature, extreme weather, number of pools, quality of pools, coastline, swimming participation rates and prominent black competitive swim teams. Results: Between 1970 and 1990, the disparity in drowning rates between white and black males in Florida decreased dramatically. By 2005, the overall age-adjusted drowning rates converged. This convergence was most striking for those aged 10-34 and 35-64. While the gap has declined dramatically, there remains a racial disparity in drownings among those aged 10-34. Conclusions: Overall, racial disparities in drowning have disappeared in Florida. However, some disparities remain. There is a persistent disparity in drownings among those aged 10-34. © 2018 Author(s).

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