Validation of two major quantitative trait loci for fusarium head blight resistance in Chinese wheat line W14

J. Chen, C. A. Griffey, M. A. Saghai Maroof, E. L. Stromberg, R. M. Biyashev, W. Zhao, M. R. Chappell, T. H. Pridgen, Y. Dong, Z. Zeng

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Abstract

Identity of quantitative trait loci (QTL) governing resistance to fusarium head blight (FHB) initial infection (type I), spread (type II), kernel infection, and deoxynivalenol (DON) accumulation was characterized in Chinese wheat line W14. Ninety-six double-haploid lines derived from a cross of W14 × 'Pion2684' were evaluated for FHB resistance in two greenhouse and one field experiment. Two known major QTL were validated on chromosomes 3BS and 5AS in W14 using the composite interval mapping method. The 3BS QTL had a larger effect on resistance than the 5AS QTL in the greenhouse experiments, whereas, the 5AS QTL had a larger effect in the field experiment. These two QTL together explained 33%, 35%, and 31% of the total phenotypic variation for disease spread, kernel infection, and DON concentration in the greenhouse experiments, respectively. In the field experiment, the two QTL explained 34% and 26% of the total phenotypic variation for FHB incidence and severity, respectively. W14 has both QTL, which confer reduced initial infection, disease spread, kernel infection, and DON accumulation. Therefore, marker-assisted selection (MAS) for both QTL should be implemented in incorporating W14 resistance into adapted backgrounds. Flanking markers Xbarc133 and Xgwm493 on 3BS and Xbarc117 and Xbarc56 on 5AS are suggested for MAS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-101
Number of pages3
JournalPlant Breeding
Volume125
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006

Keywords

  • Fusarium head blight
  • Microsatellite
  • QTL mapping
  • Triticum aestivum

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