Validation of Physical Activity Correlates Questionnaire from Social Ecological Model in College Students

Meirong Huang, Haichun Sun, Han Chen, Yanping Zhang, Kaitlyn Adams, Zan Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


More than 50% of Chinese college students rarely engage in any type of physical activity (PA). The literature shows several issues in college students’ health due to lack of PA. Promoting college students’ PA participation across the country has become a challenging task. This study aims to create a questionnaire into the correlates that affect Chinese college students’ engagement in leisure time PA. We first determined the factor structure of college students’ PA engagements. Then, we tested and verified the reliability and validity of the factor structure of the questionnaire. The Chinese college students’ PA correlates questionnaire was designed according to the Social Ecological Model. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) extracted all the included items, whereas confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) verified the validity of the model. We recruited 1290 college students to complete the questionnaire. A second-order structural model was constructed. Specifically, the first-order included individual, social, and environmental as dimensions, while the second-order had interest, media, social support, traditional culture, facilities, and environment as factors. The six factors have polymerized 22 items. The model demonstrated a good fit (X2/df = 1.4; CFI = 0.98; GFI = 0.94; RMSEA = 0.02; SRMR = 0.05). In conclusion, the newly established questionnaire of college students’ PA correlates is reasonable, and the results of factors reliabilities and model fit are acceptable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number777
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded by the following resources: (1) Study on the Cultivation Effect and Promotion Path of Youth Sports Values in Jiangsu Province (2020SJZDA129). (2) Study on the Promotion Mechanism of Youth Sports Participation in Jiangsu Province Based on Social Ecological Model. (B-b/2020/02/193). (3) Study on the Formation Mechanism and Promotion Path of Youth Sports Lifestyle in Jiangsu Province (20TYB009). (4) Graduate Research and Innovation Projects of Jiangsu Province(KYCX21-2130).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.


  • facilities
  • interest and values
  • media
  • physical activity determinants
  • social support


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