Valence band structure of ultrathin silicon and germanium channels in metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors

Tony Low, M. F. Li, Y. C. Yeo, W. J. Fan, S. T. Ng, D. L. Kwong

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The ultrathin body (UTB) silicon-on-insulator metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) is promising for sub- 50-nm complementary metal-oxide semiconductor technologies. To explore a high-mobility channel for this technology, this paper presents an examination of Si and Ge hole sub-band structure in UTB MOSFETs under different surface orientations. The dependence of the hole subband structure on the film thickness (TBody) was also studied in this work. We found that the valence-band mixing in the vicinity of the zone center Γ is strongly dependent on TBody for both Si and Ge, particularly for the 〈110〉 surface orientation. This gives rise to the following two phenomena that crucially affect the electrical characteristics of p -MOSFETs: (1) an anomalous increase of quantization mass for 〈110〉 Si and Ge surfaces as TBody is scaled below 5 nm. (2) The dependence of energy dispersion and anisotropy on TBody especially for the 〈110〉 surface, which advantageously increases hole velocity along the [011] channel as TBody is decreased. The density of states for different surface orientations are also calculated, and show that-for any given surface orientation-Ge has a smaller density of states than Si. The Ge 〈110〉 surface has the lowest density of states among the surface orientations considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number024504
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 15 2005

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by the Singapore A * STAR R263-000-267-305 and IME/03-450002 JML/SOI Grants. One of the authors (T.L.) gratefully acknowledges the scholarships from Singapore Millennium Foundation and Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing.


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