A quinoid-type oligothiophene, 3′,4′-dibutyl-5,5″-bis(dicyanomethylene)-5,5″- dihidro-2,2′:5′,2″-terthiophene, which can be viewed as an analog of TCNQ, has been investigated by spectroelectrochemistry and density functional theory calculations, in its neutral and dianionic states. Electrochemical data show that the molecule can be both reduced and oxidized at relatively low potentials. Upon reduction, both experiments and theory agree well with the generation of a dianionic charged species. The model shows that the electronic structure of the dianion is consistent with two anionic dicyanomethylene groups attached to a central terthienyl spine having an aromatic structure. The two negatively charged dicyanomethylene groups conjugate with the terthiophene allowing for the extension of the π-delocalized system over the whole molecule. The stability of the dianionic species, due to its aromatic character, gives support to the low value for the electrochemical two-electron reduction process. Infrared spectra of the neutral and of the dianion species have been assigned and correlated.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The present work was supported by the Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologı́a of Spain through the research projects BQU2000-1156 and PB98-1447. The group at the University of Málaga is indebted to the Junta de Andalucı́a for funding (FQM-0159). The group at the University of Valencia acknowledges the Generalitat Valenciana for a grant (GR01-145). J.C. is grateful to the Ministerio de Educación y Cultura of Spain for a postdoctoral fellowship (PF00-25327895).
- Electronic spectra
- Quinoid structure
- Theoretical calculations
- Vibrational spectra