UV and Hα HST Observations of Six GASP Jellyfish Galaxies

Marco Gullieuszik, Eric Giunchi, Bianca M. Poggianti, Alessia Moretti, Claudia Scarlata, Daniela Calzetti, Ariel Werle, Anita Zanella, Mario Radovich, Callum Bellhouse, Daniela Bettoni, Andrea Franchetto, Jacopo Fritz, Yara L. Jaffé, Sean L. McGee, Matilde Mingozzi, Alessandro Omizzolo, Stephanie Tonnesen, Marc Verheijen, Benedetta Vulcani

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Star-forming, Hα-emitting clumps are found embedded in the gaseous tails of galaxies undergoing intense ram pressure stripping in galaxy clusters, so-called jellyfish galaxies. These clumps offer a unique opportunity to study star formation under extreme conditions, in the absence of an underlying disk and embedded within the hot intracluster medium. Yet, a comprehensive, high-spatial-resolution study of these systems is missing. We obtained UVIS/Hubble Space Telescope (HST) data to observe the first statistical sample of clumps in the tails and disks of six jellyfish galaxies from the GASP survey; we used a combination of broadband (UV to I) filters and a narrowband Hα filter. HST observations are needed to study the sizes, stellar masses, and ages of the clumps and their clustering hierarchy. These observations will be used to study the clump scaling relations and the universality of the star formation process, and to verify whether a disk is irrelevant, as hinted at by results from jellyfish galaxies. This paper presents the observations, data reduction strategy, and some general results based on the preliminary data analysis. The high spatial resolution of UVIS gives an unprecedentedly sharp view of the complex structure of the inner regions of the galaxies and of the substructures in the galaxy disks. We found clear signatures of stripping in regions very close in projection to the galactic disk. The star-forming regions in the stripped tails are extremely bright and compact and we did not detect a significant number of star-forming clumps in regions where MUSE did not detect any. The paper finally presents the development plan for the project.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number54
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume945
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.

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