Utilization of municipal solid and liquid wastes for bioenergy and bioproducts production

Paul Chen, Qinglong Xie, Min Addy, Wenguang Zhou, Yuhuan Liu, Yunpu Wang, Yanling Cheng, Kun Li, Roger Ruan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Municipal wastes, be it solid or liquid, are rising due to the global population growth and rapid urbanization and industrialization. Conventional management practice involving recycling, combustion, and treatment/disposal is deemed unsustainable. Solutions must be sought to not only increase the capacity but also improve the sustainability of waste management. Research has demonstrated that the non-recyclable waste materials and bio-solids can be converted into useable heat, electricity, or fuel and chemical through a variety of processes, including gasification, pyrolysis, anaerobic digestion, and landfill gas in addition to combustion, and wastewater streams have the potential to support algae growth and provide other energy recovery options. The present review is intended to assess and analyze the current state of knowledge in the municipal solid wastes and wastewater treatment and utilization technologies and recommend practical solution options and future research and development needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-172
Number of pages10
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume215
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Incineration
  • Microalgae
  • Municipal solid waste
  • Municipal wastewater
  • Thermochemicla conversion

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Review

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