Utilization of heat, power and recovered waste heat for industrial processes in the US chemical industry

Nesrin Ozalp

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper presents energy end-use model of the U.S. Chemical Industry. The model allocates combustible fuel and renewable energy inputs among generic end-uses including intermediate conversions through onsite power and steam generation. Results of this model provide the basis to scale energy process-step models. Two federal databases used to construct energy end-use models are Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey of the U.S. Energy Information Administration, and the Energy Information Administration's "EIA-860B: Annual Electric Generator Report". These databases provide information on energy consumption for each end-use, electricity generation, and recovered waste heat at the prime mover level of detail for each industry on a national scale. Results of the model show that the majority of the fuel input is used directly for the end-uses. Although the rest of the fuel is used to generate steam and power, most of this energy contributes to the end-uses as steam. Therefore, the purpose of fuel consumption at non-utility plants is to run their end-uses. During the course of this study, the most recent U.S. federal energy database available was for the year 1998. Currently, the most recent available U.S. federal energy database is given for the year 2002 based on the data collected from 15,500 establishments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2008 Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2008
Pages57-67
Number of pages11
StatePublished - Oct 19 2009
Event2008 2nd International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2008 - Jacksonville, FL, United States
Duration: Aug 10 2008Aug 14 2008

Publication series

Name2008 Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2008
Volume1

Other

Other2008 2nd International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2008
CountryUnited States
CityJacksonville, FL
Period8/10/088/14/08

Keywords

  • Chemical industry
  • End-use
  • Energy allocation

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