Utilization of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Resumption of Athletic Activities Following COVID-19 Infection: An Expert Consensus Document on Behalf of the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention Leadership and Endorsed by the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

Frederick L. Ruberg, Aaron L. Baggish, Allison G. Hays, Michael Jerosch-Herold, Jiwon Kim, Karen G. Ordovas, Gautham Reddy, Chetan Shenoy, Jonathan W. Weinsaft, Pamela K. Woodard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The global pandemic of COVID-19 caused by infection with SARS-CoV-2 is now entering its fourth year with little evidence of abatement. As of December 2022, the World Health Organization Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dashboard reported 643 million cumulative confirmed cases of COVID-19 worldwide and 98 million in the United States alone as the country with the highest number of cases. Although pneumonia with lung injury has been the manifestation of COVID-19 principally responsible for morbidity and mortality, myocardial inflammation and systolic dysfunction though uncommon are well-recognized features that also associate with adverse prognosis. Given the broad swath of the population infected with COVID-19, the large number of affected professional, collegiate, and amateur athletes raises concern regarding the safe resumption of athletic activity (return to play) following resolution of infection. A variety of different testing combinations that leverage ECG, echocardiography, circulating cardiac biomarkers, and cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging have been proposed and implemented to mitigate risk. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance in particular affords high sensitivity for myocarditis but has been employed and interpreted nonuniformly in the context of COVID-19 thereby raising uncertainty as to the generalizability and clinical relevance of findings with respect to return to play. This consensus document synthesizes available evidence to contextualize the appropriate utilization of cardiovascular magnetic resonance in the return to play assessment of athletes with prior COVID-19 infection to facilitate informed, evidence-based decisions, while identifying knowledge gaps that merit further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E014106
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors.

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • athlete
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • myocardial infarction
  • myocarditis

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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