Using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) With Transgender/Gender Nonconforming Children and Adolescents

G. Nic Rider, Dianne Berg, Seth T. Pardo, Johanna Olson-Kennedy, Carla Sharp, Kathy M. Tran, Sam Calvetti, Colton L. Keo-Meier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective: The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) is a widely used instrument to screen for emotional and behavioral problems in children and adolescents. This study exam- ined the impact that the choice of scoring template (male/female) had on scale scores in transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth as well as scores in the clinical range. Method: The analytic sample consisted of 108 participants (including 55 TGNC children ages 6 –11 years and 53 TGNC adolescents ages 12–18 years). Paired samples t tests, McNemar’s test for dependent samples, and Cohen’s dav effect sizes were used for comparisons. Results: While statistically significant differences were found for several syndrome and broad band scale scores, there were largely trivial differences when comparing female versus male templates. Further, the number of scores in the clinical range when comparing male versus female templates were not statistically significantly different. For example, parent/guardian report of transgender boys (12–18 years) showed significant differences between scores based on a male versus female template on 9 of 11 scales; however, only the somatic problems, rule-breaking behavior, and internalizing subscales showed a difference in the number of clinical range scores (albeit not statistically significant). Conclusions: Choice in template does not seem to significantly impact whether a score will be clinically significant or not in this community-based sample. More research that is inclusive of nonbinary youth, with clinical samples, and with larger sample sizes is needed to build upon this preliminary work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-301
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Psychological Association


  • CBCL
  • adolescents
  • affirmative testing
  • transgender youth


Dive into the research topics of 'Using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) With Transgender/Gender Nonconforming Children and Adolescents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this