Using Semi Circular Bending Test to Evaluate Low Temperature Fracture Resistance for Asphalt Concrete

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This work presents a repeatable semi circular bending (SCB) fracture test to evaluate the low temperature fracture resistance of asphalt mixture. The fracture resistance of six asphalt mixtures, which represent a combination of factors such as binder type, binder modifier, aggregate type, and air voids, and two testing conditions of loading rate and initial notch length, was evaluated by performing SCB fracture tests at three low temperatures. Fracture energy was calculated from the experimental data. Experimental results indicated strong dependence of the low temperature fracture resistance on the test temperature. Experimental plots and low coefficient of variation (COV) values from three replicates show a satisfactory repeatability from the test. The results of the analysis showed that fracture resistance of asphalt mixtures is significantly affected by type of aggregate and air void content. Experimental results also confirmed the significance of binder grade and modifier type with relation to cracking resistance of asphalt mixtures. Analysis of result also indicated that both the loading rate and initial notch length had significant effect on the fracture energy at the highest test temperature, whereas the effect was strongly diluted at the two lower temperatures. No clear trend was found with the fracture peak load from either the effect of loading rate or notch length.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)867-876
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Mechanics
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgement This research is sponsored by Federal Highway Administration National Pooled Fund Study 776. This support is gratefully acknowledged. The results and opinions presented are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the sponsoring agencies.

Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Asphalt concrete
  • Fracture energy
  • Fracture resistance
  • Low temperature
  • Semi-circular bend


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