Using retrospective health data from the Gombe chimpanzee study to inform future monitoring efforts

E. V. Lonsdorf, D. Travis, A. E. Pusey, J. Goodall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Disease outbreaks, either in isolation or in concert with other risk factors, can pose serious threats to the long-term persistence of mammal populations, and these risks become elevated as population size decreases and/or population isolation increases. Many chimpanzee study sites are increasingly isolated by loss of habitat due to human encroachment, and managers of parks that contain chimpanzees perceive that disease outbreaks have been and continue to be significant causes of mortality for chimpanzees. Major epidemics at Gombe National Park include suspected polio in 1966; respiratory diseases in 1968, 1987, 1996, 2000, and 2002; and sarcoptic mange in 1997. These outbreaks have led park managers and researchers working in Gombe to conclude that disease poses a substantial risk to the long-term survival of Gombe's chimpanzee population. We surveyed behavioral data records spanning 44 years for health-related data and found a combination of standardized and nonstandardized data for the entire period. Here we present the types of data found during the survey, discuss the usefulness of these data in the context of risk assessment, and describe how our current monitoring effort at Gombe was designed based on our findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-908
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Primatology
Volume68
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006

Fingerprint

Pan troglodytes
monitoring
managers
scabies
habitat destruction
respiratory disease
respiratory tract diseases
risk assessment
national parks
population size
risk factors
risk factor
researchers
mammals
national park
mammal
persistence
health
mortality
habitat

Keywords

  • Chimpanzees
  • Disease
  • Health
  • Retrospective studies
  • Risk assessment

Cite this

Using retrospective health data from the Gombe chimpanzee study to inform future monitoring efforts. / Lonsdorf, E. V.; Travis, D.; Pusey, A. E.; Goodall, J.

In: American Journal of Primatology, Vol. 68, No. 9, 01.09.2006, p. 897-908.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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