Using NANDA, NIC, and NOC (NNN) language for clinical reasoning with the Outcome-Present State-Test (OPT) model.

Donald D. Kautz, Ruthanne Kuiper, Daniel J. Pesut, Randy L. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To analyze the degree to which standardized nursing language was used by baccalaureate nursing students completing Outcome-Present State-Test (OPT) model worksheets in a clinical practicum. METHODS. A scoring instrument was developed and 100 worksheets were retrospectively analyzed. FINDINGS: NANDA nursing diagnoses were correctly stated in 92% of the OPT models. Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) outcomes were explicitly stated in 22%, and implied in 72%. Interventions matched appropriate Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) activities in 61%. CONCLUSIONS: NANDA, NIC, and NOC (NNN) language was used inconsistently by students in this sample. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: If NNN language is to advance nursing knowledge, its promotion, representation in curriculum development, and active use is necessary. Educational research is needed on the facilitators and barriers to NNN language use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-138
Number of pages10
JournalInternational journal of nursing terminologies and classifications : the official journal of NANDA International
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

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