Using contracting band to improve right ventricle ejection fraction for patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot: A modeling study using patient-specific CMR-based 2-layer anisotropic models of human right and left ventricles

Chun Yang, Dalin Tang, Tal Geva, Rahul Rathod, Haruo Yamauchi, Vasu Gooty, Alexander Tang, Glenn Gaudette, Kristen L. Billiar, Mehmet H. Kural, Pedro J. Del Nido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot account for most cases of late-onset right ventricle failure. The current surgical approach, which includes pulmonary valve replacement/insertion, has yielded mixed results. A new surgical option of placing an elastic band in the right ventricle is proposed to improve right ventricular cardiac function as measured by the ejection fraction. Methods: A total of 20 computational right ventricular/left ventricular/patch/band combination models using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging from a patient with tetralogy of Fallot were constructed to investigate the effect of band material stiffness variations, band length, and active contraction. These models included 4 different band material properties, 3 band length, 3 active contracting band materials, and models with patch and scar replaced by contracting tissue. Results: Our results indicated that the band insertion, combined with active band contraction and tissue regeneration techniques that restore right ventricular myocardium, has the potential to improve right ventricular ejection fraction by 7.5% (41.63% ejection fraction from the best active band model to more than 34.10% ejection fraction from baseline passive band model) and 4.2% (41.63% from the best active band model compared with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging-measured ejection fraction of 37.45%). Conclusions: The cardiac magnetic resonance imaging-based right ventricular/left ventricular/patch/band model provides a proof of concept for using elastic bands to improve right ventricular cardiac function. Band insertion, combined with myocardium regeneration techniques and right ventricular remodeling surgical procedures, has the potential to improve ventricular function in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot and other similar forms of right ventricular dysfunction after surgery. Additional investigations using in vitro experiments, animal models, and, finally, patient studies are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-293.e2
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume145
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

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