Using an F2 Screen to Search for Resistance Alleles to Bacillus thuringiensis Toxin in European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)

D. A. Andow, D. N. Alstad, Y. H. Pang, P. C. Bolin, W. D. Hutchison

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present an application of an F2 screening method for recovering and estimating the frequencies of rare alleles that confer insect resistance to a transgenic corn variety producing Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner crystal protein toxin (Bt corn). Based on a sample of 91 female Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner) we show with 95% confidence that the frequency of B. thuringiensis resistance alleles from a wild Minnesota population is <0.013. This is an upper limit to the estimated allele frequency and does not provide clear evidence that 1 of the assumptions of the refuge plus high-dose strategy will or will not be met. With additional sampling, a more precise estimate of resistance allele frequency could be obtained that would clearly support or refute 1 of the assumptions of the refuge plus high-dose strategy. Variable costs of the screening method were $19.70 per female line, but these could be reduced by improved collecting, rearing, and handling methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-584
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of economic entomology
Volume91
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1998

Keywords

  • Allele frequency
  • Bacillus thuringiensis
  • European corn borer
  • Monitoring
  • Resistance management
  • Screening

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