Using a simplified version of a common surgical grading scale for acetabular labral tears improves the utility of preoperative hip MRI for femoroacetabular impingement

Patrick Morgan, Amanda Crawford, Shelly Marette, Takashi Takahashi, Joseph Luchsinger, James Kirkham, Baolin Wu, Jutta M. Ellermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate whether a commonly used surgical grading scale, when applied to acetabular labral findings on MRI, could improve preoperative planning and counseling for patients undergoing hip arthroscopy. Materials and methods: We evaluated 76 clinical MRIs performed on patients with femoroacetabular impingement. Three musculoskeletal radiologists and one musculoskeletal fellow reviewed each scan in a blinded fashion, classifying the acetabular labrum from 12:00 to 4:00 using the Beck scale, a common surgical grading scale. Clinical correlation was provided via surgical examination and classification. Reliability was determined between readers and between reader and surgical data using Cohen’s kappa and Krippendorff’s alpha at each clock position and for the worst grading for each scan. In addition, a simplified version of the scale comprised of only two grades, potentially reparable and not potentially reparable, was evaluated. Results: When the scale was simplified into categories of potentially reparable and not potentially reparable, the sensitivity was excellent, ranging from 85.5 to 96%. Observer agreement when using individual Beck grades was found to range from poor to fair; Kappa ranged from 0.03 to 0.19, and Alpha ranged from − 0.27 to 0.22. Conclusion: The simplified version of the Beck labral scale when applied to MRI is a highly sensitive predictor of potentially reparable labral pathology while excluding normal and grossly degenerative tissue. Use of this scale provides clinically relevant information that can drive preoperative planning and improve patient counseling. It does so in a standardized fashion that can be applied across practice sites and without additional cost.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSkeletal Radiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Acetabular labrum
  • Arthrogram
  • Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI)
  • Hip
  • MRI

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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