User studies: Why, how, and when?

Robert Kosara, Christopher G. Healey, Victoria Interrante, David H. Laidlaw, Colin Ware

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Scopus citations


User studies offer a scientifically sound method to measure a visualization's performance. A good starting point in any study is the scientific visual design question to be examined. This drives the process of experimental design. A well-conducted study is usually worth the effort. The results can ultimately have a considerable impact and potentially contribute to the discipline's scientific foundations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-25
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2003

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We completed this work in part as a component of the basic research on visualization ( vis/) at the VRVis Research Center in Vienna, which is funded by the Austrian research program Kplus. The US National Science Foundation also supported our work (ACI-0083421, CCR-0086065, CCR-0093238).


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