The results for a real-time PCR assay, using the LightCycler Strep B analyte-specific reagents (Roche Diagnostics Corporation, Indianapolis, Ind.), were compared to a direct plate method combined with a broth enrichment culture method for detection of group B streptococcus colonization in pregnant women. Two separate evaluations were conducted using two different automated nucleic extraction instruments, the MagNA Pure LC instrument (Roche Diagnostics Corporation) and the lower-capacity MagNA Pure Compact instrument (Roche Diagnostics Corporation). The sensitivities, specificities, and positive and negative predictive values for the different evaluation methods were as follow: for the LightCycler Strep B assay with MagNA Pure LC, 100, 97, 90, and 100%, respectively; for the LightCycler Strep B assay with MagNA Pure Compact, 92.5, 99, 97, and 97.5%, respectively. The LightCycler Strep B assay combined with either MagNA Pure LC or MagNA Pure Compact extraction is a suitable method for detecting group B streptococcus colonization in pregnant women. An advantage of the LightCycler assay over culture is the considerably reduced turnaround time for results.