Use of restriction fragment polymorphism analysis of rRNA genes to assign species to unknown clinical isolates of oral viridans streptococci

J. D. Rudney, C. J. Larson

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22 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study evaluated restriction fragment length polymorphism of rRNA genes (ribotyping) for genotypic identification of 53 oral isolates classified as 'Streptococcus sanguis' by colony morphology. Isolates were from 8-h buccal plaque on lower first permanent molars of 20 subjects. DNA was digested with AatII and hybridized with digoxygenin-labeled cDNA of Escherichia coli 16S and 23S rRNA. Strains were ribotyped again with AlwNI or PvuII on the basis of the presence or absence of a 2,290-bp AatII band. Band patterns were compared with reference ribotypes for Streptococcus gordonii, Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus crista, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus mitis, and Streptococcus parasanguis strains. Forty-eight isolates could be assigned to a species (22 S. sanguis, 14 S. oralis, 12 S. gordonii). Multiple species were seen in 14 subjects; multiple strains of the same species occurred in 11 subjects. Our findings suggest that ribotyping can be used for genotypic identification of S. sanguis, S. oralis, and S. gordonii isolates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-443
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of clinical microbiology
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

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