Use of multiple-locus variable number tandem repeat analysis and phage typing for subtyping ofSalmonella Enteritidis from sporadic human cases in the United States

S. Cho, T. S. Whittam, D. J. Boxrud, J. M. Bartkus, S. C. Rankin, M. J. Wilkins, P. Somsel, F. P. Downes, K. A. Musser, T. P. Root, L. D. Warnick, M. Wiedmann, A. M. Saeed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: To investigate the genetic diversity among S. Enteritidis isolates from different geographic regions to evaluate the relationship between phage types (PTs) and variable number tandem repeat analysis (VNTR) loci. Methods and Results: We performed multiple-locus variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) and phage typing on 245 S. Enteritidis isolates collected from sporadic human clinical cases in Michigan, Minnesota, New York, and Washington states between 2000 and 2007. Ninety-four MLVA types and 22 different PTs were identified. Specific PTs were associated with a predominant allele for certain VNTR loci. Cluster analysis using a minimum-spanning tree demonstrated two major clusters (I, II) and one minor cluster of isolates. PTs 8, 13a, 13 and 34 were significantly associated with MLVA cluster I. Phage types 1, 4, 6a, and 18 were significantly associated with MLVA cluster II. Conclusions: We found significant association between MLVA-based clusters and PTs. Certain VNTR loci were associated with specific PTs and could serve as useful molecular markers for S. Enteritidis in epidemiological investigations. Significance and Impact of the Study: MLVA genotyping in combination with phage typing can be used for effective characterization of S. Enteritidis isolates. It can also be useful for tracing possible sources during investigations of sporadic and outbreak cases of S. Enteritidis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)859-867
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
Volume108
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Molecular subtyping
  • Phage typing
  • S. Enteritidis
  • Variable number tandem repeats

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