Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of microalgae biomass generates an aqueous phase (AP) byproduct with limited energy value. Recycling the AP solution as a source of nutrients for microalgae cultivation provides an opportunity for a cost-effective production of HTL based biofuel and algal biomass feedstock for HTL, allowing a closed-loop biofuel production in microalgae HTL biofuel system. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of characteristics of AP and its nutrients recycling for algae production. Inhibitory effects resulted from the toxic compounds in AP and alleviation strategies are discussed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51668044 ), the Key Research Development Program of the Jiangxi Province of China (Nos. 20161BBH80029 and 20171BBG70036), the Talent Program for Distinguished Young Scholars of Jiangxi Province of China (No. 20171BCB23015), and the Key Science and Technology Research Program of Department of Education of the Jiangxi Province of China (No. 150029).
- Algae cultivation
- Aqueous phase
- Hydrothermal liquefaction
- Inhibitory effect
- Nutrient recycle