Use of Lactate in Small Animal Clinical Practice

Leslie C. Sharkey, Maxey L. Wellman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Lactate is a product of anaerobic metabolism. Lactate concentration in blood is used clinically as an indicator of tissue hypoperfusion and hypoxia to determine disease severity, assess response to therapy, and predict outcome. This article reviews lactate physiology, sample collection and processing, and interpretation of lactate concentration in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1287-1297
Number of pages11
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013


  • D-Lactate
  • Hypoperfusion
  • Hypoxia
  • L-Lactate
  • Lactate
  • Lactic acidosis
  • Metabolic acidosis


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