Use of chemical mutagenesis for the isolation of food grade β-galactosidase overproducing mutants of bifidobacteria, lactobacilli and Streptococcus thermophilus

S. A. Ibrahim, D. J. O'Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

A classical chemical mutagenesis protocol was evaluated for increasing β-galactosidase production by probiotic bacteria to improve their potential to treat symptoms of lactose malabsorption in humans. Two Bifidobacterium species (B. breve and B. longum) and one strain each of Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus were tested by a single exposure to two chemical mutagens, ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). To screen for β-galactosidase (β-gal) over-producing mutants, optimized EMS and MNNG mutant pots for each strain were plated on BHI agar containing 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl-β-D-galactopyranoside (X-gal). Colonies that exhibited a blue color were selected for quantitative β-gal activities using the o-nitrophenyl-β-galactoside (ONPG) assay. Seventy-five mutants were obtained out of more than 2 million colonies screened and showed increased β-galactosidase activities compared with the wild-type strains. EMS gave a higher frequency of β-gal overproducing mutants than MNNG for three of the four strains, S. thermophilus, B. breve, and B. longum, whereas the frequency of L. delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus β-gal mutants was similar with both mutagens. The highest β-gal increases, when induced during growth in lactose, for mutants of each culture were 137% for L. delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus; 104% for S. thermophilus; 70% for B. breve; and 222% for B. longum mutants. This food-grade classical approach has the ability to moderately increase β-gal concentrations in probiotic cultures to improve their potential for treating the symptoms of lactose malabsorption in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)923-930
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume83
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2000

Keywords

  • Bifidobacterium
  • Mutagenesis
  • Probiotics
  • β-galactosidase

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Use of chemical mutagenesis for the isolation of food grade β-galactosidase overproducing mutants of bifidobacteria, lactobacilli and Streptococcus thermophilus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this