Use of biologic agents in ocular manifestations of rheumatic disease

Courtney L. Kraus, Susan M. Culican

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Biologic agents have dramatically shifted the treatment paradigm for rheumatic disease. Use of these agents can decrease disease burden, allow the patient to be weaned from corticosteroids, and reduce the likelihood of relapse. Eye disease associated with rheumatic conditions may present with a wide range of signs and symptoms. This coexisting pathology should not be overlooked and should be considered a reason for initiation or continuation of biologic therapy. Additionally, many of the ocular manifestations of rheumatic disease respond preferentially to specific targeting molecules. This paper summarizes the available studies on the use, efficacy, and safety of biologic agents in the treatment of ocular manifestations of rheumatic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number203819
JournalInternational Journal of Rheumatology
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


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