Use of an action-selection framework for Human-carnivore conflict in the bangladesh sundarbans

Adam C.D. Barlow, Christina J. Greenwood, Ishtiaq U. Ahmad, James L.D. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Human-carnivore conflict is manifested in the death of humans, livestock, and carnivores. The resulting negative local attitudes and retribution killings imperil the future of many endangered carnivores. We tailored existing management tools to create a framework to facilitate the selection of actions to alleviate human-carnivore conflict and applied the framework to the human-tiger conflict in the Bangladesh Sundarbans. We identified potential actions that consider previous management efforts, local knowledge, cost-effectiveness, fieldwork experience of authors and project staff, previous research on tiger ecology by the authors, and recommendations from human-carnivore conflict studies in other countries. Our framework includes creation of a profile to improve understanding of the nature of the conflict and its underlying causality. Identified actions include deterrents, education, direct tiger management, and response teams. We ranked actions by their potential to reduce conflict and the monetary cost of their implementation. We ranked tiger-response teams and monitoring problem tigers as the two best actions because both had relatively high impact and cost-effectiveness. We believe this framework could be used under a wide range of human-wildlife conflict situations because it provides a structured approach to selection of mitigating actions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1338-1347
Number of pages10
JournalConservation Biology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2010


  • Action selection
  • Cost-effectiveness
  • Decision support tool
  • Human-carnivore conflict
  • Panthera tigris
  • Sundarbans


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