Objective: This retrospective cohort study used an algorithmic case-finding system on claims data from nationwide commercial health plans to validate previously identified predictors of unrecognized bipolar disorder among adults. Study Design: Retrospective cohort design. Methods: Using logistic regression, 2 claims data sets were evaluated to explore potential predictors; the first included claims for all healthcare encounters (all-encounters data set); the second excluded mental health provider claims (carve-out data set). A total of 280 244 members aged 18 to 64 years were included from 2 commercial health plans. Results: Claims related to attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, depression, depression treated with antipsychotics, use of 3 (of 5) classes of psychotherapeutic drugs, younger age, and sex were all significant predictors of a subsequent diagnosis of bipolar disorder. In the all-encounters data set, a predicted value of 5% or greater yielded a sensitivity of 9.8% and a specificity of 99.9%; a predicted threshold of 3% increased sensitivity, to 20.7%; area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was 0.82. Performance of the model was acceptable in the carve-out data set, with AUC 0.69. Conclusions: The case-finding system described here, which compares favorably with other screening tests used in primary care, may have significant value in helping physicians to identify patients with unrecognized bipolar disorder.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||American Journal of Managed Care|
|State||Published - Sep 2005|