Using anhydrous metal nitrates as single source precursors, combinatorial chemical vapor deposition was used to create compositional gradients in the bimetallic ZrO2/HfO2 system and the trimetallic ZrO2/HfO2/SnO2 system. Composition and structural information were probed simultaneously by measuring the fluorescence and diffraction resulting from exposure of the film to a 30 μm diameter X-ray beam at the Advanced Photon Source. The higher resolution made possible by the small beam size provided an accurate map of composition and structure. In the homologous zirconia-hafnia series a decrease in lattice constants and a change in film texture was observed as a function of increased Hf concentration. As reported elsewhere, at intermediate compositions, gradients involving ZrO2 and SnO2 or HfO2 and SnO2 give rise to a crystalline phase(α-PbO2 structure type) that differs from that found for either of the end members. The simultaneous measurement of fluorescence and diffraction coupled with the small spot X-ray source provides a more accurate correlation between composition and structure.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Surface and Coatings Technology|
|Issue number||22-23 SPEC. ISS.|
|State||Published - Sep 25 2007|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was funded by grant (CHE-0315954) from the National Science. Use of the Advanced Photon Source is supported by the U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. The use of the facilities available at the Minnesota Supercomputing Institute is also gratefully acknowledged.
- Tin oxide