Use of a driving simulator to assess performance under adverse weather conditions in adults with albinism

Gwen M. Hofman, C. Gail Summers, Nicholas Ward, Esha Bhargava, Michael E. Rakauskas, Ann M. Holleschau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Participants with albinism have reduced vision and nystagmus with reduced foveation times. This prospective study evaluated driving in 12 participants with albinism and 12 matched controls. Participants drove a vehicle simulator through a virtual rural course in sunny and foggy conditions. Under sunny conditions, participants with albinism showed a narrower preferred minimum safety boundary during car-following tasks than did controls, but there was no difference under foggy conditions. Their driving did not differ significantly from that of controls when approaching a stop sign or when choosing gap size between oncoming vehicles when crossing an intersection. However, when compared to control drivers, participants with albinism had a decreased minimum safety boundary for car-following that should be included in counseling regarding driving safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)679-692
Number of pages14
JournalPerceptual and motor skills
Volume114
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012

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