Use of a β1 integrin-deficient human T cell to identify β1 integrin cytoplasmic domain sequences critical for integrin function

Nadine C. Romzek, Estelle S. Harris, Cheryl L. Dell, Jeffrey Skronek, Elizabeth Hasse, Pamela J. Reynolds, Stephen W. Hunt, Yoji Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


T cell activation rapidly and transiently regulates the functional activity of integrin receptors. Stimulation of CD3/T cell receptor, CD2 or CD28, as well as activation with phorbol esters, can induce within minutes an increase in β1 integrin-mediated adhesion of T cells to fibronectin. In this study, we have produced and utilized a mutant of the Jurkat T cell line, designated A1, that lacks protein and mRNA expression of the β1 integrin subunit but retains normal levels of CD2, CD3, and CD28 on the cell surface. Activation-dependent adhesion of A1 cells to fibronectin could be restored upon transfection of a wild-type human β1 integrin cDNA. Adhesion induced by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-, CD3-, CD2-, and CD28 stimulation did not occur if the carboxy-terminal five amino acids of the β1 tail were truncated or if either of two well-conserved NPXY motifs were deleted. Scanning alanine substitutions of the carboxy-terminal five amino acids demonstrated a critical role for the tyrosine residue at position 795. The carboxy-terminal truncation and the NPXY deletions also reduced adhesion induced by direct stimulation of the β1 integrin with the activating β1 integrin-specific mAb TS2/16, although the effects were not as dramatic as observed with the other integrin-activating signals. These results demonstrate a vital role for the amino-terminal NPXY motif and the carboxy-terminal end of the β1 integrin cytoplasmic domain in activation-dependent regulation of integrin-mediated adhesion in T cells. Furthermore, the A1 cell line represents a valuable new cellular reagent for the analysis of β1 integrin structure and function in human T cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2715-2727
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1998


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