US hospital engagement in cross-sector partnerships for population health improvement in socioeconomically distressed counties

E. Noh, Jim Begun, K. M. White, Sandra J Potthoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This study identifies the internal characteristics of hospitals located in counties with poor socioeconomic conditions that develop collaborative partnerships with a wide range of community organizations, including non-health organizations. Study design: Cross-sectional study that conducted Chi-square and logistic regression analyses. Methods: Chi-square tests and logistic regression analyses were performed in this cross-sectional research to identify the internal hospital characteristics associated with non-health sector partnership development for hospitals located in U.S. counties in the worst quartile of performance across three socioeconomic conditions. The 2015 American Hospital Association Population Health Survey provided data on hospitals’ collaborative arrangements and internal characteristics, including hospital size, teaching status, ownership type, and system affiliation (n = 1,238). The 2014 County Health Rankings were used to identify counties in the worst quartile of performance on educational attainment, unemployment, and child poverty. Results: Chi-square analyses show that larger hospitals, teaching hospitals, hospitals that belong to a system, and not-for profit hospitals are significantly and positively correlated with non-health sector collaborative partnerships across one or more of the county indicators of poor socioeconomic conditions. Logistic regression results show that the only significant internal hospital characteristic associated with such partnerships is hospital size, in counties with poor educational attainment and those with high child poverty. Conclusion: Larger hospitals are more likely to have the resources and strategic perspectives to address community health in counties with poor socioeconomic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-57
Number of pages3
JournalPublic Health
Volume205
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s)

Keywords

  • Community health
  • County health rankings
  • Hospital–community partnerships
  • Population health
  • Social determinants of health

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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