Urologic problems in spina bifida patients transitioning to adult care

Stephen J. Summers, Sean Elliott, Sean McAdams, Siam Oottamasathien, William O. Brant, Angela P. Presson, Joseph Fleck, Jeremy West, Jeremy B. Myers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To identify the urologic needs of adult patients with spina bifida (SB) at the time of their transition from pediatric to adult care. We hypothesized that delays in transition to adult care would be associated with higher rates of active problems. Methods We retrospectively reviewed patients seen at adult dedicated SB clinics at the Universities of Utah and Minnesota from April 2011 to April 2012. We reviewed bladder management, urologic problems, time from last urologic care, and necessary interventions. Results We identified 65 patients from these clinics with SB. The mean age was 30.6 years (standard deviation, 11.3). The median time since last urologic evaluation at Utah and Minnesota was 17 months and 12 months, respectively (range 1 month-10 years). Fifty-five patients (85%) reported a urologic problem at the time of their visit. Urinary incontinence was most common in 34 (52%), followed by recurrent urinary tract infection in 22 (34%), catheterization troubles in 8 (12%), and calculi in 6 (9%). Sixty-three patients (97%) required some sort of intervention. These were diagnostic (cystoscopy, ultrasonography, computed tomography scan, urodynamics) in 50 patients (77%), surgical (urinary diversion, onabotulinum toxin A injection, stone surgery, and so forth) in 22 (34%), and medical (antimicrobial prophylaxis, bladder irrigations, anticholinergics, self-catheterization) in 16 (25%). There was no association between longer transition times and higher rates of active problems. Conclusion On presentation to adult SB clinics, patients had many active urologic problems and operative management was often needed; however, there was no association between longer transition times and higher rates of active problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)440-444
Number of pages5
JournalUrology
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

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