Ureteroscopy combined with laser stone fragmentation and basketing is a common approach for managing renal and ureteral stones. This procedure is associated with some degree of ureteral trauma. Ureteral trauma may lead to swelling, ureteral obstruction, and flank pain and may require subsequent interventions such as hospital admission or secondary ureteral stent placement. To prevent such issues, urologists often place temporary ureteral stents prophylactically, but the value of doing so remains unclear. Objectives To assess the effects of postoperative ureteral stent placement after uncomplicated ureteroscopy. Search methods We performed a comprehensive search using multiple databases (the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Google Scholar, andWeb of Science), trials registries, other sources of grey literature, and conference proceedings, up to 01 February 2019. We applied no restrictions on publication language or status. Selection criteria We included trials in which researchers randomised participants undergoing uncomplicated ureteroscopy to placement of a ureteral stent versus no ureteral stent. Data collection and analysis Two review authors independently classified studies and abstracted data from the included studies. We performed statistical analyses using a random-effects model. We rated the certainty of evidence (CoE) according to the GRADE approach.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Innovations for Patient Care Research Fund, St. Joseph’s Health Care, London, Ontario, Canada, and the R. Samuel McLaughlin Foundation of Canada
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
- Systematic Review