Management strategies for chronic wasting disease (CWD) across tribal lands have varied in response to changing dynamics of CWD risk. As CWD continues to spread across the United States, concerns associated with the disease are increasing. We interviewed 19 natural resource managers representing Anishinaabe and Dakota tribes in Minnesota, Michigan, and Wisconsin with goals of understanding needs and opportunities for CWD engagement, surveillance, and outreach on tribal lands; the implementation of natural resources policy and management across tribal nations; and opportunities for tribal partnership-development to control CWD. Qualitative data analyses of interview responses revealed substantial variation in the number of tribal hunters, hunter regulation, and huntable tribal lands across our study area. Proximity of tribal lands in relation to CWD detections impacted tribal agency management strategies for CWD. Our results indicate a desire for CWD outreach and surveillance, mutually beneficial collaborations, and a need for incorporating cultural knowledge into CWD management strategies. We conclude that tribal CWD management and surveillance plans will be enhanced through strategic and thoughtful CWD outreach methods. Moreover, partnerships must recognize tribal sovereignty and respectfully integrate tribal values, knowledge, and worldview.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund; United States Fish and Wildlife Service Tribal Wildlife Grant; University of Minnesota Office of the Vice President for Research; University of Minnesota Summer Scholars program Funding information
The authors are grateful to the interviewees—D. Dirlam, D. McArthur, F. Davis Anderson, G. Miller, J.Huseby, M. Schrage, M. Swingen, S. Moore, S. Mortensen, T. Roerick, A. Fergus, A. Edwards, B. Sanders, D. Craven, E. Clark, E. Johnston, G. Sanchez, L. Wawronowicz, T. Bartnick—for their time and willingness to share their perspectives, as well as the tribal nations who they represented. The authors thank H. Fox for the creation of Figure 1 , and C. Schaffer for overall review and suggestions. This project was funded in part by the University of Minnesota Office of the Vice President for Research and the Summer Scholars program through the Office of Graduate Programs, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota; by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service Tribal Wildlife Grant; and by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative‐Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources (LCCMR).
© 2022 The Authors. Conservation Science and Practice published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Society for Conservation Biology.
- human dimensions
- Native American
- tribal engagement