Updates on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disorders

Margaret Semrud-Clikeman, Jesse Bledsoe

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The relationship of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to learning disorders was reviewed and included reading disability, mathematics learning disability, and nonverbal learning disability. Genetic, neuroimaging, and neuropsychological functioning were examined for each disorder, along with a discussion of any existing literature when ADHD co-occurred with the disorder. All the disorders were found to frequently co-occur with ADHD. A review of the underlying neuroanatomic and neurofunctional data found specific structures that frequently co-occur in these disorders with others that are specific to the individual diagnosis. Aberrations in structure and/or function were found for the caudate, corpus callosum, and cerebellum, making these structures sensitive for the disorder but not specific. Suggestions for future research, particularly in relation to intervention, are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-373
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent psychiatry reports
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2011


  • ADHD
  • Learning disorder
  • Mathematics
  • Nonverbal learning disorder
  • RD
  • Reading disability


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