Update on thyroid eye disease and management

Erick D Bothun, Ryan A. Scheurer, Andrew R Harrison, Michael S Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thyroid eye disease is a heterogeneous autoimmune orbital reaction typically manifesting in middle age. The inflammation may parallel or remain isolated from a related inflammatory cascade in the thyroid called Graves' disease. The orbital manifestations can lead to severe proptosis, dry eyes, strabismus, and optic neuropathy. In this article, we will discuss this unique condition including the ophthalmic findings and management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-551
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
Volume3
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

Keywords

  • Enlarged extraocular muscles
  • Graves' disease
  • Orbital decompression
  • Proptosis
  • Thyroid eye disease

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