Update on thyroid eye disease and management

Erick D Bothun, Ryan A. Scheurer, Andrew R Harrison, Michael S Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Thyroid eye disease is a heterogeneous autoimmune orbital reaction typically manifesting in middle age. The inflammation may parallel or remain isolated from a related inflammatory cascade in the thyroid called Graves' disease. The orbital manifestations can lead to severe proptosis, dry eyes, strabismus, and optic neuropathy. In this article, we will discuss this unique condition including the ophthalmic findings and management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-551
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009


  • Enlarged extraocular muscles
  • Graves' disease
  • Orbital decompression
  • Proptosis
  • Thyroid eye disease


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