Up-regulation of [3H]DTG but not [3H](+)-pentazocine labeled σ sites in mouse spinal cord by chronic morphine treatment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


To monitor the possible effect of morphine on σ sites, binding characteristics of [3H](+)-pentazocine and [3H]l,3-di-(2-tolyl)guanidine (DTG) to brain and spinal cord membranes of morphine-treated and control mice were compared. For morphine treatment, a single injection (100 mg/kg, s.c.) of morphine was followed 4 h later by pellet implantation (75 mg morphine free base). Animals were sacrificed 24, 72 h or 7 days later. The equilibrium dissociation value (K(d)) and the density (B(max)) of [3H](+)-pentazocine binding remained unaffected by morphine treatment. Also, no change was found in K(d) and B(max) values of [3H]DTG labeled σ2 subtypes after any morphine treatment schedule when measured in the presence of 100 nM (+)- pentazocine. However, the B(max) of [3H]DTG binding in the spinal cord in the absence of 100 nM (+)-pentazocine, was significantly elevated 72 h after implantation of the morphine pellet and recovered by 7 days, a time when the antinociceptive effect produced by the morphine pellet had dissipated. These data suggest that one population of σ sites, that has a high affinity for [3H]DTG, but is not equivalent with the [3H](+)-pentozocine labeled σ1 subtype or the [3H]DTG labeled σ2 subtype, is upregulated by morphine and, therefore, may play a role in the development of tolerance to or dependence on the effects of morphine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-52
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 29 1998

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the US Public Health Service Grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDA04090 to Alice A. Larson.


  • (+)- Pentazocine
  • DTG (1,3-di-(2-tolyl)guanidine)
  • G receptor binding
  • Morphine dependence
  • Morphine tolerance


Dive into the research topics of 'Up-regulation of [3H]DTG but not [3H](+)-pentazocine labeled σ sites in mouse spinal cord by chronic morphine treatment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this