Unsupervised rotating machinery fault diagnosis method based on integrated SAE–DBN and a binary processor

Jialin Li, Xueyi Li, David He, Yongzhi Qu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


In recent years, deep learning based diagnostic approaches have become more attractive. However, most of these methods are supervised diagnostic approaches. Developing a supervised diagnostic model requires a large number of labeled training data. And it is time consuming and labor intensive to obtain labeled data for a variety of systems and working conditions. Therefore, an unsupervised diagnostic model that does not require labeled training data is more desirable. This paper proposes an unsupervised diagnostic model by integrating a sparse autoencoder, a deep belief network, and a binary processor. In comparison with the existing unsupervised methods, the proposed method does not need to perform statistical features extraction, and directly uses the normalized frequency domain signals as the inputs. Moreover, in the proposed diagnostic model, the input data is passed through layer by layer without fine-tuning, which is completely unsupervised process. The proposed methods have been validated with bearing fault datasets and gear pitting fault datasets. The validation results show that the proposed method has a higher accuracy for both bearing and gear pitting fault diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1899-1916
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Intelligent Manufacturing
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Bearing fault
  • Deep belief network
  • Fault diagnosis
  • Gear pitting fault
  • Sparse autoencoder


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